Food and beverage research briefs April 2

Research Briefs: High-Fiber Diets Benefit Diabetes | Red Meat Intake Linked to Insulin Resistance

A roundup of key research headlines impacting the food and beverage industry.

High-Fiber Foods May Boost Gut Bacteria to Control Diabetes

Promotion of a select group of gut bacteria by a diet high in diverse fibers led to better blood glucose control, greater weight loss and better lipid levels in people with type 2 diabetes, according to research published in the journal Science. The study, underway for six years, provides evidence that eating more of the right dietary fibers may rebalance the gut microbiota, or the ecosystem of bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract that help digest food and are important for overall human health. Read more at Rutgers Today …

Consuming Low-Calorie Sweeteners May Predispose Overweight Individuals to Diabetes

Consumption of low-calorie sweeteners could promote metabolic syndrome and predispose people to prediabetes and diabetes, particularly in individuals with obesity, according to results of a new study on human fat-derived stem cells and fat samples that was presented earlier this month at the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society. Read more at the Endocrine Society …

Red Meat Intake Linked to Insulin Resistance, Steatohepatitis

A study published in the Journal of Hepatology suggests high consumption of red and/or processed meat may be associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and insulin resistance (IR). Read more at Endocrinology Advisor …

Reduced-Calorie Diet Shows Signs of Slowing Aging

A study of people who reduced the calories they consumed has found the strongest evidence yet that such restrictions can slow down human metabolism. The results raise hopes that a low-calorie lifestyle—or treatments that mimic the biological effects of restricted eating—could prolong health in old age and even extend life, according to the study published in the journal Cell Metabolism. The study, which followed the impact of two years of caloric restriction on more than 200 healthy, non-obese adults, was part of a multi-center trial sponsored by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. In the study, 34 subjects reduced their calorie intake by 15 percent, while a control group of 19 people ate their usual diet. The lower-calorie groups used energy more efficiently while sleeping and showed signs of decreased oxidative stress. Read more at Nature…

USDA Scientist Leads $1 Million Consortium to Seek Honey Bee Disease Controls

USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) entomologist Steven Cooke will lead a $1 million funded international consortium of scientists to seek new controls for Varroa mites—honey bees’ No. 1 problem. The researchers will be screening a variety of chemical compounds for their ability to control Varroa mites with minimal damage to honey bees on an individual and colony level. Varroa mites have become resistant to many commercially available chemical control agents in recent years. Read more at USDA’s Agricultural Research Service …

 

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